The specialty-trained hip surgeons of Slocum Center for Orthopedics & Sports Medicine are experts in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating hip arthritis. In fact, the Slocum Center has been treating hip conditions for over forty years. You can count on our hip team providing you with the highest level of care and compassion.
There are two types of arthritis that affect the hip joint. Both types eventually cause pain and stiffness that can worsen over time. The first type of arthritis is osteoarthritis. This type is the wear and tear arthritis where the smooth covering on the ends of the bones (cartilage) wears down, leaving the bone rubbing on bone. The second type is known as rheumatoid, or inflammatory, arthritis. In this disease, the body reacts against the cartilage and causes the cartilage to dissolve in the hip joint, leaving bone rubbing against bone. Both types of arthritis can be treated with medication, walking aides and activity and lifestyle changes. When the pain becomes severe, hip replacement surgery is often needed.
Osteoarthritis can come from trauma, early childhood or development problems, but is for the most part an aging process of the deterioration of the joint cartilage. Inflammatory arthritis is usually caused by inflammation of the joint lining.
Treatment will vary depending on the orthopedist's diagnosis. A range of anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed. Physical therapy may help increase a patient's range of motion, and strengthening exercises could help maintain muscle tone. Swimming is a good exercise. Devices can make it easier for patient to go about daily life, such as a cane, walker, reacher, and so on. Surgery may be recommended if lifestyle changes don't improve the situation. There are various options, including total hip replacement and bone grafts.