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Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative arthritis, often affects the small joints of the fingers and the base of the thumb. This condition causes pain and swelling of the joints and can impact the ability to grip and grasp with the hand. With time, the cartilage between the bones of the fingers can erode and cause the bones to rub together, which causes pain. Treatment for osteoarthritis can include steroid injections, anti-inflammatory medications, splinting or bracing, and activity modification.

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